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Biochemistry. 1993 Apr 20;32(15):3965-72.

13C NMR studies of the enzyme-product complex of Bacillus subtilis chorismate mutase.

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  • 1Institute for Cancer Research, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111.


The chorismate mutase reaction is a rare enzyme-catalyzed 3,3-sigmatropic rearrangement of chorismate to prephenate. Bacillus subtilis chorismate mutase was overproduced and purified from Escherichia coli XL1-Blue (pBSCM2) using a modification of the procedure of Gray et al. (Gray, J. V., Grolinelli-Pimpaneau, B., & Knowles, J. R. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 376-383); the modification leads to minimal contaminating prephenate dehydratase activity (< 0.001%). The native molecular mass of B. subtilis chorismate mutase was determined by gel filtration to be approximately 44 kDa, indicative of a homotrimer of the 14.5-kDa subunits as determined by electrospray mass spectrometry. 13C NMR was used to study the structure of [U-13C]prephenate bound at the active site of B. subtilis chorismate mutase. All the enzyme-bound 13C NMR resonances of [U-13C]prephenate were assigned, and where possible, 1JC,Cs were quantified; [1,3,5,8-13C]prephenate and [2,6,9-13C]prephenate, prepared respectively from [1,3,5,8-13C]chorismate and [2,6,9-13C]chorismate, aided the 13C NMR resonance assignments. Enzyme-bound prephenate exhibits remarkably different chemical shifts relative to free prephenate; the chemical shift changes range from -6.6 ppm for the C6 resonance to 5.6 ppm for the C5 resonance, suggesting a strong perturbation of the C5-C6 bond. 13C NMR studies of model compounds at various pH values and in various solvents suggest that the observed 13C chemical shift changes of enzyme-bound prephenate cannot be rationalized solely on the basis of changes in the pKas of the carboxylic acid groups or hydrophobic solvation at the active site.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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