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Cerebellar infarctions and 'vestibular neuritis'.

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Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital of Lund, Sweden.


Consecutive subjects 50 to 75 years of age with sudden onset of vertigo but without cochlear or neurological symptoms were investigated with neuro-imaging techniques. Doppler sonography of the vertebral and carotid arteries and recording of voluntary saccades and pursuit eye movements, caloric, spontaneous, gaze and optokinetic nystagmus. Among those studied, 6 out of 24 subjects could be demonstrated to have cerebellar infarctions, another 2 subjects had occlusion of one vertebral artery. Caloric tests could not identify subjects with a cerebellar infarction whereas prominently reduced pursuit eye movements could. Subjects with cerebellar infarction either had a vertebral artery occlusion or prominent cardio-embolic risk factors. It is suggested that subjects with symptoms as vestibular neuritis should be investigated with pursuit eye movements and with at least standard ECG recordings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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