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Mol Microbiol. 1993 Mar;7(5):657-67.

Molecular analysis of a cytotoxin-converting phage, phi CTX, of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: structure of the attP-cos-ctx region and integration into the serine tRNA gene.

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Department of Bacteriology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.


The Pseudomonas aeruginosa ctx gene encoding cytotoxin is carried by a temperate phage phi CTX. The genome of phi CTX is a 35.5 kb double-stranded DNA with cohesive ends (cos). It is unique in that the ctx gene and attP site of phi CTX exist very close to the respective cohesive ends. In this study, we determined the structure of this attP-cos-ctx region. The termini of phi CTX are 21-base 5' extended-single-stranded DNAs. The ctx gene is located 361 bp downstream of the left end (cosL). The attP core sequence of 30 bp exists only 647 bp apart from the right end (cosR). The attP-cos-ctx region contains six kinds of repeats and integration host factor-binding sequences and showed sequence-directed static bends, suggesting its potential to form a highly ordered structure. In addition, phi CTX was found to integrate into the serine tRNA gene which was mapped to the 43-45 min region on the P. aeruginosa chromosome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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