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J Lipid Res. 1993 Mar;34(3):467-77.

Exclusive localization in peroxisomes of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase and alkyl-dihydroxyacetone phosphate synthase in rat liver.

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Department of Chemical Pathology, Adelaide Children's Hospital, Australia.


Dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyl transferase (DHAP-AT), alkyl dihydroxyacetone phosphate synthase (alkyl-DHAP-synthase), and glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) activities were investigated under optimal assay conditions using highly purified organelle preparations. The data presented clearly indicate that GPAT activity was mainly localized in mitochondria and microsomes, whereas DHAP-AT and alkyl-DHAP-synthase activities were exclusively localized in peroxisomes. A small fraction of the total DHAP-AT and alkyl-DHAP-synthase activities observed in purified mitochondrial preparations was due to the presence of intact peroxisomes. DHAP-AT and alkyl-DHAP-synthase activities were very low in purified microsomes (< 1% compared to peroxisomes) and these activities are thought to be due to sedimentation of peroxisomal fragments (generated during homogenization of liver and processing of liver homogenate) with microsomes. The results indicate that the dihydroxyacetone phosphate pathway does not contribute to the synthesis of glycerolipids other than ether lipids in rat liver. The ether bond formation occurs exclusively in peroxisomes, and all the biosynthetic reactions for plasmalogen synthesis may also be operating within peroxisomes in rat liver.

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