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J Comp Neurol. 1993 Apr 15;330(3):352-62.

Organum vasculosum laminae terminalis (OVLT) in rabbit and rat: topographic studies.

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1
Institute of Laboratory Animals, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube City, Japan.

Abstract

The microcirculation and fine structure of the rabbit and rat organum vasculosum laminae terminalis (OVLT) were examined by light microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. In both animals, the microcirculation is composed of a superficial and a deep vascular bed but the system is more complex and extensive in the rabbit. This was particularly true of the deep vascular bed. In the rabbit, the deep bed is composed of fenestrated capillaries, which are arranged in glomerular tufts surrounded by very wide perivascular spaces (PVS). In contrast, the deep vascular bed of the rat OVLT usually consists of only one or two small vessels. These are either fenestrated and surrounded by a PVS or lined by continuous endothelium with only a few fenestrae and without a dilated PVS. A corresponding difference was seen in the contours of the ventricular surface. It is much more irregular in the rabbit than in the rat and numerous bulges reflect the underlying vascular tufts and pockets of PVS in the rabbit. Supraependymal cells are present in both species and two sizes of them occur in the rabbit. The results demonstrate that the microcirculation of the OVLT is more elaborate and more highly developed in the rabbit than in the rat. We suggest that this might result in a different neurohemal microenvironment and, ultimately, in functional differences.

PMID:
8468411
DOI:
10.1002/cne.903300306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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