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Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 1993 Jan-Apr;18(1):123-33.

Ascorbic acid in the brain.

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Institute of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology, London, UK.


Ascorbic acid is highly concentrated in the central nervous system. Measurement of the extracellular concentration of ascorbate in animals, mainly by the technique of voltammetry in vivo, has demonstrated fluctuation in release from neuropil, both spontaneously and in response to physical stimulation of the animal and to certain drugs. Although in the adrenal medulla ascorbate is co-released with catecholamines, release of ascorbate from brain cells is associated principally with the activity of glutamatergic neurones, mainly by glutamate-ascorbate heteroexchange across cell membranes of neurones or glia. This phenomenon is discussed in relation to a possible role of ascorbate as a neuromodulator or neuroprotective agent in the brain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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