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Bioessays. 1993 Jan;15(1):33-41.

RNA editing: exploring one mode with apolipoprotein B mRNA.

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Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Cell Biology, Houston, TX 77030.


RNA editing is a newly described genetic phenomenon. It encompasses widely different molecular mechanisms and events. According to the specific RNA modification, RNA editing can be broadly classified into six major types. Type II RNA editing occurs in plants and mammals; it consists predominantly in cytidine to uridine conversions resulting from deamination/transamination or transglycosylation, although in plants other mechanisms have not been excluded. Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing is the only well-documented editing phenomenon in mammals. It is an intranuclear event that occurs posttranscriptionally, coincident with splicing and polyadenylation. Recent observations indicate that the tissue- and sequence-specific process is mediated by an enzyme that has separate domains for editing and sequence recognition. The presence of apolipoprotein B mRNA editing activity in tissues that do not produce the protein suggests that other RNAs may be edited and RNA editing may be a genetic phenomenon of general biological importance to the cell.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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