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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Apr 1;90(7):2749-53.

Primary structure and functional expression of a cDNA encoding the thiazide-sensitive, electroneutral sodium-chloride cotransporter.

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Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.


Electroneutral Na+:Cl- cotransport systems are involved in a number of important physiological processes including salt absorption and secretion by epithelia and cell volume regulation. One group of Na+:Cl- cotransporters is specifically inhibited by the benzothiadiazine (thiazide) class of diuretic agents and can be distinguished from Na+:K+:2Cl- cotransporters based on a lack of K+ requirement and insensitivity to sulfamoylbenzoic acid diruetics like bumetanide. We report here the isolation of a cDNA encoding a thiazide-sensitive, electroneutral sodium-chloride cotransporter from the winter flounder urinary bladder using an expression cloning strategy. The pharmacological and kinetic characteristics of the cloned cotransporter are consistent with the properties of native thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporters in teleost urinary bladder and mammalian renal distal tubule epithelia. The nucleotide sequence predicts a protein of 1023 amino acids (112 kDa) with 12 putative membrane-spanning regions, which is not related to other previously cloned sodium or chloride transporters. Northern hybridization shows two different gene products: a 3.7-kb mRNA localized only to the urinary bladder and a 3.0-kb mRNA present in several non-bladder/kidney tissues.

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