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Nature. 1993 Apr 8;362(6420):560-3.

Interactions of three domains distinguishing the Ras-related GTP-binding proteins Ypt1 and Sec4.

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Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.


The genes SEC4 and YPT1 encode Ras-related GTP-binding proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ypt1 is necessary for vesicular transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi, whereas Sec4 is required for fusion of post-Golgi secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane. Recently, three structural domains have been proposed to specify the stage in cellular transport at which members of the Sec4/Ypt1/Rab family act: the effector domain, the C-terminal hypervariable region, and a region corresponding to loop 7 in the structure of p21ras (ref. 8). Here we use Sec4/Ypt1 chimaeras to show that these three regions cooperate to specify Ypt1 function and that the C-terminal hypervariable region is needed for Ypt1 localization to the Golgi. Unexpectedly, we found that a single chimaera can function as either Ypt1 or Sec4 without missorting carboxypeptidase Y or invertase.

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