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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1993 Apr;28(4):580-4.

Parenteral administration of 8-methoxypsoralen in photopheresis.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (EP) is used for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS), pemphigus vulgaris, and rheumatoid arthritis. During this procedure, the oral administration of the photoactive drug 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) results in an unpredictable range of serum levels and in side effects limiting its efficacy.

OBJECTIVE:

To circumvent this limitation, extracorporeally administrable 8-MOP (EX-8-MOP) was developed. It is administered directly to the leukocyte/plasma concentrate in the treatment bag of the EP apparatus before irradiation with UVA light.

METHODS:

Efficacy, tolerance, and side effects of EX-8-MOP were evaluated in 108 consecutive treatments of 16 patients who had previously been treated with oral 8-MOP (91 treatments).

RESULTS:

With EX-8-MOP constant drug levels for UV light exposure were obtained; for equivalent levels only a small fraction of the oral dose (1/250 to 1/500) was required with none of the side effects associated with oral 8-MOP. Effective and reproducible inhibition of lymphocyte proliferation and cell viability was attained. No difference in clinical efficacy could be observed.

CONCLUSION:

EX-8-MOP eliminates the need for premedication and drug level monitoring of 8-MOP and should improve the effectiveness of EP.

PMID:
8463458
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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