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Endocrinology. 1993 Apr;132(4):1687-91.

A supersensitive immunofluorometric assay for rat luteinizing hormone.

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Department of Physiology, University of Turku, Finland.


We have developed an immunofluorometric assay (IFMA) for rat (r) LH, which is based on two monoclonal antibodies, one to bovine and the other to human LH. Signal detection occurs by time-resolved fluorescence evoked by a europium label (Delfia, Wallac). The method is fast in comparison to the standard RIA with the NIDDK reagents (4 h vs. 3 days). The sensitivity of the IFMA assay (0.75 pg/tube; NIDDK rLH RP-2) is over 30-fold higher than that of the NIDDK RIA (usual detection limit, 20-30 pg/tube). Using 25-microliters serum samples, the sensitivity of IFMA is 0.03 micrograms/liter; with 100-microliters samples, it is 0.0075 micrograms/liter. The cross-reactivity of the IFMA assay is 0.3% with rFSH, 3% with rTSH, and less than 0.05% with rGH, rPRL, and the rat alpha-subunit. A linear correlation between IFMA and RIA values is seen at serum levels above 0.4 micrograms/liter. Below this level, only IFMA is able to detect concentration differences between samples. In practice, this means that only IFMA is able to provide meaningful measurements of suppressed levels of serum LH. The correlation coefficient between IFMA and the mouse interstitial cell in vitro bioassay for LH in randomly selected rat pituitary homogenates was 0.93 (n = 47). The serum concentration of LH determined by IFMA is 0.57 +/- 0.10 micrograms/liter in intact adult male rats (mean +/- SEM; n = 12) and 0.41 +/- 0.10 micrograms/liter (n = 10) in randomly cycling females. The level in hypophysectomized rat serum is 0.035 +/- 0.0033 micrograms/liter (n = 8), if the limit of sensitivity (0.03 microgram/liter) is assigned to unmeasurable levels. One-week treatment of male rats with 2-cm Silastic implants containing testosterone suppressed serum LH, measured by IFMA, from 0.56 +/- 0.057 to 0.086 +/- 0.057 micrograms/liter (P < 0.01). The suppression of LH measured in the same samples by RIA was lower, from 0.73 +/- 0.057 to 0.44 +/- 0.048 micrograms/liter (P < 0.01). A 5-day starvation of intact male rats suppressed serum LH from 0.57 +/- 0.10 to 0.30 +/- 0.05 microgram/liter by IFMA (P < 0.01), whereas the decrease determined by RIA was not significant (0.80 +/- 0.07 vs. 0.66 +/- 0.13 micrograms/liter).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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