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Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1993 Jan-Feb;15(1):37-44.

The developmental consequences of low to moderate prenatal and postnatal lead exposure: intellectual attainment in the Cincinnati Lead Study Cohort following school entry.

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University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, OH 45267-0056.


In a further follow-up study of the Cincinnati Lead Study Cohort, 253 children were administered the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) at approximately 6.5 years of age. Postnatal blood lead concentrations were inversely associated with Full-Scale (FSIQ) and Performance IQ (PIQ). Following statistical adjustment for developmental co-factors such as maternal IQ and an assessment of the quality of caretaking in the home environment, a statistically significant relationship remained between postnatal blood lead concentrations and PIQ. Further statistical analyses suggested that averaged lifetime blood lead concentrations in excess of 20 micrograms/dL were associated with deficits in PIQ on the order of approximately 7 points when compared to children with mean concentrations less or equal to 10 micrograms/dL. These results are discussed in terms of their consistency with other similar studies as well as their internal consistency with earlier reports on this cohort. The findings of this investigation support recent initiatives in the United States to reduce the exposure of children to environmental lead.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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