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J Psychol. 1977 Mar;95(2d Half):289-96.

Some aspects of influence and acceptability for appointed and elected group leaders.


Two experiments (NS = 48 and 52 male college students, respectively) are reported on the relative influence of appointed or elected leaders and members if four-man discussion groups in a decision-making task. Leaders were either appointed by the E or elected by the group, and groups received either success or failure feedback. The influence of elected leaders increased after failure feedback and decreased after success feedback, which was precisely opposite to the direction of influence shift for appointed leaders. The second experiment examined this effect further, after leaders were replaced by appointment or election, and with the identical success or failure feedback as before. The hypothesis that the newly elected leader would be more influential than the newly appointed leader was only partially supported. The elected leader who succeeded the initial leader was found to have had significantly higher influence than the average group member from the very outset.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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