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Eur J Immunol. 1993 Apr;23(4):783-9.

Expression and control of the natural autoreactive IgG repertoire in normal human serum.

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1
INSERM U28, Hôpital Broussais, Paris, France.

Abstract

We have investigated the autoreactive repertoire expressed by serum IgG of healthy individuals of various age groups using a large panel of self antigens. Natural IgG autoantibodies against all self antigens of the panel were found in the purified IgG fraction of the serum of all donors that were tested. The mean binding activity to self antigens of IgG of pregnant women was higher than that of IgG purified from the serum of infants, young adults and aged individuals. No increase in IgG autoreactivity was observed with aging neither in the purified IgG fraction of serum nor in whole serum. Whereas autoantibody activity was easily detectable in purified IgG, it was low in serum. No difference was observed, however, between the binding activity of purified IgG and of IgG in serum in the case of foreign antigens nor in the case of anti-thyroglobulin autoantibodies of patients with hashimoto's thyroiditis. Purified IgM from normal serum bound to F(ab')2 fragments of autologous IgG in a dose-dependent fashion and inhibited the binding of autologous IgG to self antigens. Our results thus indicate that autologous IgM contributes to regulate expression of the natural IgG autoreactive repertoire through V region-dependent interactions, resulting in low levels of IgG autoreactivity in serum under physiological conditions.

PMID:
8458369
DOI:
10.1002/eji.1830230402
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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