Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 1993 Mar 30;32(12):3058-66.

Thermodynamics of binding of the CO2-competitive inhibitor imidazole and related compounds to human carbonic anhydrase I: an isothermal titration calorimetry approach to studying weak binding by displacement with strong inhibitors.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Missouri.


The visible spectrum of Co(II)-substituted human carbonic anhydrase I (HCA I) complexed with the unique CO2-competitive inhibitor imidazole undergoes a marked alkaline intensification, with a midpoint near pH 8 [Bauer, R., Limkilde, P., & Johansen, J. T. (1977) Carlsberg Res. Commun. 42, 325-339]. This change was first attributed to the ionization of a nondisplaced water ligand of the active-site metal in a five-coordinate complex. Later proposals favored assigning it to the deprotonation of the bound imidazole itself to give a tetrahedrally coordinated imidazolate anion at high pH. We have determined by isothermal titration calorimetry the pH dependence of the enthalpy of binding of imidazole and its analogues to HCA I and Co(II)HCA I. We devised an indirect strategy whereby the enthalpy of binding of the strong sulfonamide inhibitor methazolamide was determined in the absence and presence of a constant high concentration of the competing imidazole or its analogues. The standard enthalpy of binding of deprotonated methazolamide to the "acid" form of HCA I and Co(II)HCA I was found to be pH independent over the pH range of 6.5-9.5, as expected. It was also identical for both the zinc (-13.5 +/- 1.1 kcal M-1) and the cobalt (-13.7 +/- 0.4 kcal M-1) forms. The standard enthalpy of binding of neutral imidazole (average value -6.1 +/- 0.8 kcal M-1) surprisingly did not show any marked pH dependence, varying by about 1.1 and 2.6 kcal M-1 for the zinc and cobalt enzymes, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons


    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center