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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Mar;168(3 Pt 1):988-94.

Perinatal effects of Gardnerella vaginalis deciduitis in the rabbit.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7836.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We determined the effects of intrauterine infection with Gardnerella vaginalis on maternal and fetal outcome in the rabbit.

STUDY DESIGN:

Both uterine horns of rabbits on day 20 or 21 of gestation (70% of gestation) were inoculated hysteroscopically with either 0.2 ml of 10(5) to 10(7) CFU/ml of G. vaginalis or saline solution. Animals were killed on day 4 or earlier if premature delivery occurred. The following outcome parameters were evaluated: febrile morbidity, preterm labor and delivery, maternal cultures, fetal birth weight, and fetal neuropathologic findings.

RESULTS:

G. vaginalis intrauterine inoculation uniformly resulted in amnionitis and deciduitis. Animals inoculated with G. vaginalis had no greater incidence of fever and preterm delivery than did saline-treated control animals. However, intrauterine infection with G. vaginalis resulted in a significant decrease in the live birth rate when compared with that of controls (80% vs 95%, p < 0.03). G. vaginalis deciduitis was associated with as 23% reduction in the birth weight of the surviving fetuses. Furthermore, animals in the G. vaginalis study group had a 60% incidence of severe brain injury compared with 0% in the saline solution group.

CONCLUSION:

G. vaginalis amnionitis and deciduitis produced minimal maternal morbidity but were associated with decreased birth weight and brain injury in surviving fetuses; thus it appears that G. vaginalis selectively functions as a fetal, but not maternal, pathogen in the rabbit.

PMID:
8456914
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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