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Transplantation. 1993 Mar;55(3):639-46.

Detection of single cells secreting IFN-gamma, IL-6, and IL-10 in irreversibly rejected human kidney allografts, and their modulation by IL-2 and IL-4.

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Schering-Plough Laboratory for Immunological Research, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France.


The frequency of isolated low-density graft-infiltrating cells (GIC) secreting IFN-gamma, IL-6, and IL-10 was studied in 8 cases of irreversible rejection of human renal allografts, using ELISA and SPOT-forming cells (ELISPOT) assays. The GIC were mostly CD8+ T cells, although CD4+ T cells, B cells, and macrophages could also be detected. On the average, in 10(6) cells, 189 secreted IFN-gamma, 747 IL-10, and 17114 IL-6. Culture of GIC in the presence of IL-2 resulted in an increase in the frequency of IFN-gamma-producing cells (IFN-gamma-PC), in a dose-dependent manner, with an optimal 6.5-fold increase at 50 U/ml. In contrast, 25 U/ml IL-4 decreased the frequency of spontaneous and IL-2-induced IFN-gamma-PC by 71.3% and 52.8%, respectively. Furthermore, IL-4 reduced the frequency of IL-6-PC (56.8%). By this new approach to graft rejection, it becomes easier to determine cytokine profiles within an allograft and to study their modulation by different agents. It could be a useful model of study for the development of new treatment.

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