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Mol Gen Genet. 1993 Feb;237(1-2):113-22.

Function of the Escherichia coli nucleoid protein, H-NS: molecular analysis of a subset of proteins whose expression is enhanced in a hns deletion mutant.

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Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Agriculture, Nagoya University, Japan.


The expression of numerous Escherichia coli cellular proteins was previously demonstrated to be greatly enhanced in a hns deletion background, relative to the levels in wild-type cells. In this study, a subset of such proteins, expression of which is affected by H-NS, was partially purified, and the genes coding for some of the proteins were identified and characterized. Two of the proteins thus characterized, 19K and 17K, were found to be encoded by previously predicted genes that are located adjacent to, and downstream of, the trpABCDE operon (27.6 min on the E. coli genetic map). The genes coding for the other two proteins, 10K-L and 10K-S, are located at 77.5 min on the genetic map. Their nucleotide sequences were determined and revealed that they may constitute an operon. To characterize the putative promoters for these genes, a set of promoter-lacZ transcriptional fusion genes was constructed on the E. coli chromosome. The results of such promoter-probe analyses indicated that H-NS represses the expression of these genes at the transcriptional level. Furthermore, H-NS appeared to exhibit relatively strong affinity for the putative promoter sequences in vitro. These results are compatible with the hypothesis that H-NS functions as a transcriptional repressor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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