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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Mar;25(3):349-54.

Glycogen resynthesis in skeletal muscle following resistive exercise.

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Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306.


The purpose of this investigation was to determine the influence of post-exercise carbohydrate (CHO) intake on the rate of muscle glycogen resynthesis after high intensity weight resistance exercise in subjects not currently weight training. In a cross-over design, eight male subjects performed sets (mean = 8.8) of six single leg knee extensions at 70% of one repetition max until 50% of full knee extension was no longer possible. Total force application was equated between trials using a strain gauge interfaced to a computer. The subjects exercised in the fasted state. Post-exercise feedings were administered at 0 and 1 h consisting of either a 23% CHO solution (1.5 or an equal volume of water (H2O). Total force production, preexercise muscle glycogen content, and degree of depletion (-40.6 and -44.3 wet weight) were not significantly different between H2O and CHO trials. As anticipated during the initial 2-h recovery, the CHO trial had a significantly greater rate of muscle glycogen resynthesis as compared with the H2O trial. The muscle glycogen content was restored to 91% and 75% of preexercise levels when water and CHO were provided after 6 h, respectively.

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