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J Comp Neurol. 1993 Mar 8;329(2):143-62.

Connections between the deutocerebrum and the protocerebrum, and neuroanatomy of several classes of deutocerebral projection neurons in the brain of male Periplaneta americana.

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Institut fur Zoologie, Universit├Ąt Regensburg, Germany.


The topography and neuroanatomy of fibers connecting the deutocerebrum to the protocerebrum in the brain of the American cockroach Periplaneta americana were investigated by staining single or multiple deutocerebral neurons with cobalt, Lucifer Yellow, or biocytin. Five tracts are distinguished on the basis of their routes from origins in the antennal lobe to the protocerebral neuropil: the inner antenno-cerebral tract (IACT); antenno-cerebral tracts II, III, and IV (ACT II, III, IV), and the outer antenno-cerebral tract (OACT). These tracts are largely composed of the axons of four classes of deutocerebral projection neurons, which have been identified morphologically; the neuronal arborizations in the glomeruli of the antennal lobe and in the protocerebral projection regions have been examined. Projection neurons with processes in the inner antenno-cerebral tract and in the antenno-cerebral tract II each innervate a single glomerulus in the antennal lobe, and both types have terminals in the calyces of the mushroom bodies and in the lateral lobe of the protocerebrum. The axons of pheromone-sensitive projection neurons with dendritic trees in the male-specific macroglomerulus seem to run exclusively in the inner antenno-cerebral tract. Subgroups of these pheromone sensitive neurons differ in relative sensitivity to the two female attractant components as well as in the arborization pattern of their dendrites in the macroglomerulus. The projection neurons of two other classes each innervate many glomeruli in the antennal lobe, those of one class sending their axons into the protocerebrum in the antenno-cerebral tract IV and the other, in the outer antenno-cerebral tract. The neurons of antenno-cerebral tract IV innervate not only the mushroom body calyces and the lateral lobe but also neuropil regions not previously described in the cockroach. Neurons with axons in the outer antenno-cerebral tract have no terminals in the calyces but innervate the lateral lobe and the neuropil surrounding the tract. The morphological findings presented here show that, in addition to the tracts previously documented in the cockroach brain, there are other, presumably olfactory, connections between the deutocerebrum and the protocerebrum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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