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Cancer Res. 1993 Apr 1;53(7):1670-5.

Chromosome 12 breakpoints are cytogenetically different in benign and malignant lipogenic tumors: localization of breakpoints in lipoma to 12q15 and in myxoid liposarcoma to 12q13.3.

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Cytogenetics Research Laboratory, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263.


Cytogenetic study of short-term cultures from 10 adipose tissue tumors (eight lipomas, one myxoid liposarcoma, and one mixed liposarcoma) have revealed clonal chromosome abnormalities in seven cases. In both malignant tumors, translocation (12;16) was the sole aberration, and in the mixed liposarcoma, the breakpoints could be sublocalized to bands 12q13.3 and 16p11.2, thus confirming findings of Eneroth et al., Cancer Genet. Cytogenet., 48: 101-107, 1990. Three lipomas displayed predominantly normal karyotypes; in a fourth case, the karyotype 44,XX,-6,der (7)t(6;7)(p21.3-22;p22)ins(7)(p22q11.2q22),-13 was found. Four remaining lipomas were characterized by structural rearrangements of chromosome 12. We were able to achieve high resolution banding patterns in two tumors with translocations (3;12)(q28;q15) and (1;2;12)(p36.;q13;q15). In both of these cases, the chromosome 12 breakpoint could be unequivocally assigned to band q15. Similarly, band 12q15 was also rearranged in two other lipomas with translocations (12;14)(q15;q32) and (12;20)(q15;q13.1). Our results support the hypothesis that the chromosome 12 breakpoint in lipomas is located more distally than the breakpoint in myxoid liposarcomas and some other soft-tissue malignant neoplasms and that it is cytogenetically identical with breakpoints detected in such benign tumors as uterine leiomyoma and pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland.

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