Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biopharm Drug Dispos. 1993 Mar;14(2):161-9.

Ceftriaxone pharmacokinetics in elderly subjects and penetration into epididymis.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de pharmacocinétique, Pharmacie Carémeau, Nîmes, France.

Abstract

In a prospective study, the epididymal penetration of ceftriaxone was evaluated in order to use it in the treatment of orchi-epididymitis in men. A bolus intravenous dose of 1 g of ceftriaxone was administered to 15 patients hospitalized for surgery as part of treatment for prostatic adenoma or prostatic cancer. Nine successive blood samples were collected in the interval from 0 to 24 h after administration, and epididymis samples were taken 0.75 h after administration. Concentrations of drug in all samples were assayed by a reverse-phase-ion pairing high-performance liquid chromatography method with UV detection. The results showed that the pharmacokinetics of ceftriaxone in serum did not differ from those determined previously in healthy volunteers. The terminal half-life was 6.9 +/- 1.7 h, and the mean residence time 9.5 +/- 2.3 h. The volume of distribution was 0.144 +/- 0.018 1 kg-1 and the total body clearance 1.17 +/- 0.29 l h-1. The concentrations in tissue reached 27.2 +/- 6 micrograms g-1 in righ epididymis, and 25.4 +/- 6.2 micrograms g-1 in left epididymis. The tissue-versus-serum concentration ratios ranged from 0.175 to 0.545 (mean value, 0.295 +/- 0.099). The concentrations in serum and tissue observed in this study were in excess of the MICs for bacteria considered to be susceptible to ceftriaxone, particularly Neisseria gonorrhoeae and coliform bacteria.

PMID:
8453025
DOI:
10.1002/bdd.2510140207
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center