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Eur J Immunol. 1993 Mar;23(3):614-8.

Isolation of an HLA-A2.1 extracted human minor histocompatibility peptide.

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Department of Immunohaematology, University Hospital Leiden, The Netherlands.


Purified HLA-A2.1 molecules obtained by affinity chromatography of 6 x 10(10) Epstein Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B lymphocytes were used in an attempt to isolate the human HLA-A2.1-restricted minor histocompatibility (H) peptides H-Y and HA-2. Fraction 18 of the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-separated HLA-A2.1 peptide pool was found to contain the natural HA-2 peptide. An HA-2-specific, HLA-A2.1-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte clone lysed HLA-A2.1+ HA-2- EBV-transformed B lymphocyte cell lines reproducibly and in a concentration-dependent fashion in the presence of fraction 18, but not in the presence of other HPLC fractions. By contrast, H-Y sensitizing activity was not found in any fraction. Amino acid sequencing of peptide fraction 18 revealed a mixture of peptides with maximal length of nine amino acids, in which the presence of Leu at positions 2 and 9 was dominant. Surprisingly, the HA-2 peptide could not be mimicked by any of the peptide mixtures synthesized according to the amino acid sequences found in fraction 18. Our failure to obtain the actual amino acid sequence of the human minor H peptide HA-2 from a peptide pool with the established pattern for binding to HLA-A2.1 may indicate that this CTL defined minor H peptide does not represent an abundant HLA-A2.1 binding peptide.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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