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Clin Pharmacokinet. 1993 Jan;24(1):79-87.

Aminoglycoside forecasting in neutropenic patients with cancer.

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1
University of Illinois, Chicago.

Abstract

To validate the population pharmacokinetic parameters of aminoglycoside disposition in patients with cancer, a retrospective evaluation of predictive performance of a Bayesian program was performed in 155 patients from 1986 to 1989 who received amikacin, gentamicin or tobramycin. Each patient received 1 of the 3 drugs and had initial drug concentration determination, with a second set of drug concentrations drawn < or = 14 days after the initial dose. Predictions of 64 amikacin, 144 gentamicin and 102 tobramycin concentrations were generated using 1-compartment model pharmacokinetic parameters, serum creatinine values, patients' dosage history and demographic data. The mean (+/- SD) observed (and predicted) serum concentrations for amikacin were 18.9 +/- 14.8 mg/L (17.2 +/- 14.1 mg/L); for gentamicin were 4.49 +/- 3.58 mg/L (4.26 +/- 3.33 mg/L) and for tobramycin were 4.52 +/- 3.70 mg/L (4.05 +/- 3.49 mg/L) [p > 0.05]. Results demonstrated minimal bias with a mean error in gentamicin concentrations of -0.236 (95% CI -0.533: 0.0613). Significant (p < 0.05) under prediction occurred in concentrations of tobramycin [-0.474 mg/L (95% CI -0.842: -0.0107)] and amikacin [-1.77 mg/L (95% CI -3.42: -0.114)]. Good precision is indicated by a mean squared error for gentamicin of 3.35 mg/L (95% CI 1.70: 4.99) and for tobramycin of 3.64 mg/L (95% CI 1.83: 5.44). Fair precision is demonstrated by amikacin [46.1 mg/L (95% CI 27.3: 65.0)]. Similar results were shown in a separate peak/trough analysis. These data indicate that aminoglycoside pharmacokinetics in patients with cancer can be predicted with minimal bias and good precision using a Bayesian forecasting program for gentamicin and tobramycin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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