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Biochemistry. 1993 Feb 9;32(5):1332-7.

Bacteriorhodopsin D85N: three spectroscopic species in equilibrium.

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Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco 94143.


Ground-state absorbance measurements show that BR from Halobacterium halobium containing asparagine at residue 85 (D85N) exists as three distinct chromophoric states in equilibrium. In the pH range 6-12 the absorbance spectra of the three states are demonstrated to be similar to flash-induced spectral intermediates which comprise the latter portion of the wild-type BR photocycle. One of the states absorbs maximally at 405 nm, has a deprotonated Schiff base, and contains predominantly the 13-cis form of retinal, identifying it as a close homologue of the M intermediate in the BR photocycle. The other species possess absorbance maxima with correspondence to those of the wild-type N (570 nm) and O (615 nm) photointermediates. The retinal composition of the O-like form was found to be dominated by all-trans isomer. The pH dependence of the concentrations of the equilibrium species corresponds closely with the pH dependence of the M, N, and O photointermediates. These data support kinetic models which emphasize the role of back-reactions during the photocycle of bacteriorhodopsin. Energetic and spectral characterization of the D85N ground-state equilibrium supports its use as a model for elucidating molecular transitions comprising the latter portion of the BR photocycle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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