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Mol Microbiol. 1993 Jan;7(2):323-7.

Bafilomycin A1 inhibits Helicobacter pylori-induced vacuolization of HeLa cells.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Università di Padova, Italy.


Bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of the vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPase, responsible for acidification of intracellular compartments, prevents the vacuolization of Hela cells induced by H. pylori, with an inhibitory concentration giving 50% of maximal (ID50) of 4 nM. Bafilomycin A1 is also very efficient in restoring vacuolated cells to a normal appearance. The vacuolating activity of Helicobacter pylori is not inhibited by a series of specific inhibitors of vacuolar H(+)-ATPases. These findings indicate that a transmembrane pH gradient is needed for the formation and growth of vacuoles caused by the bacterium and that this pH gradient is due to the activity of a vacuolar ATPase proton pump of HeLa cells.

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