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Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1993 Feb;35(2):184-7.

Modulation of capsaicin induced airway reflexes in humans: effect of monoamine oxidase inhibition.

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1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London.

Abstract

1. In animal studies monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibition has been shown to reduce the cough response through elevation of 5-HT in the central nervous system. In this study the effect of selective inhibition of the two subtypes of MAO (MAO-A and MAO-B) was studied on human airway reflexes. 2. Capsaicin-induced cough and reflex increase in respiratory resistance were measured in nine normal volunteers before and after MDL 72394 (MAO-A inhibitor) 16 mg or MDL 72974A (MAO-B inhibitor) 12 mg. 3. Neither inhibitor altered capsaicin-induced cough. Following treatment with MDL 72394, however, the capsaicin-induced reflex increase in resistance was enhanced, by 5.97 +/- 2.1 fold of the placebo value at 1 h. 4. Thus, neurotransmitters in the central nervous system which are substrate for MAO-A (i.e. noradrenaline, 5-HT) may be involved in the control of capsaicin-induced reflex bronchoconstriction.

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