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AIDS. 1993 Jan;7(1):37-41.

In vivo decrease in the expression of complement receptor 2 on B-cells in HIV infection.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Rush-Presbyterian-St Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate changes in the expression of complement receptor 2 (CR2) on B-cells from HIV-infected individuals. CR2 is the C3d/Epstein-Barr virus receptor and has been implicated in B-cell activation. Changes in its level of expression may therefore be associated with B-cell dysfunction.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study of HIV-infected adults and age-matched control donors.

METHODS:

The percentage expression and mean fluorescence intensity of CR2 (and three additional markers: CD19, CD69, and a standard antigen designation: HLA-DR) was measured on CD20+ B-cells using a two-color flow cytometric assay.

RESULTS:

This study demonstrated a highly significant (P = 0.0001) decrease in the percentage co-expression of CR2 on CD20+ B-cells in HIV-infected individuals, compared with control donors. The mean percentage of CD20+ cells co-expressing CR2 was 71% (s.d., +/- 15%) in the HIV-seropositive patients and 94% (s.d., +/- 4%) in the control group. The pattern of CR2 expression in a number of the patients suggested a decrease in antigen density on the cells. Decreased expression of CR2 did not correlate with disease stage (asymptomatic, AIDS-related complex, or AIDS), nor with CD4+ T-cell percentage or absolute count, in the seropositive group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The evidence for a role for CR2 in B-cell activation suggests that its decreased expression, which we have demonstrated in HIV-seropositive individuals, may be associated with the B-cell dysfunction observed in HIV infection. Our finding that expression of this marker is decreased even in asymptomatic patients is consistent with reports of early B-cell defects in such individuals. Further investigation of this possible association may shed some light on both the increased incidence of bacterial infections in HIV-infected adults and children and their impaired responses to certain immunizations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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