Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Surgery. 1993 Mar;113(3):279-85.

Aortic revascularization of orthotopic liver allografts: indications and long-term follow-up.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109-0331.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Occasionally because of certain conditions that would imperil arterial supply to a hepatic graft, it is necessary to base the arterial supply on the aorta.

METHODS:

Twenty orthotopic liver transplants (OLTs) in 19 patients were performed with arterial revascularization based on the aorta (Ao-OLT). In two patients the donor celiac axis was anastomosed directly to the aorta and in 18 to a conduit anastomosed to either the supraceliac (n = 10) or infrarenal (n = 8) aorta.

RESULTS:

One thrombosis occurred 2 months after the placement of a supraceliac conduit in an adult patients, accounting for a cumulative 1-year hepatic artery patency rate of 91.7% +/- 8.0% for 16 grafts placed in 15 adults and 100% for four grafts placed in four children. In comparison, hepatic artery-based transplantation was associated with a 1-year patency rate of 92.6% +/- 1.9% for 245 adults and 94.7% +/- 5.1% for 19 children (difference not significant compared with Ao-OLT). By logistic regression analysis, the only factor independently associated with hepatic artery thrombosis was retransplantation (1-year hepatic artery patency rate 85.7% +/- 5.9% [n = 38] for retransplants vs 93.9% +/- 1.7% for primary transplantation [n = 246]; p < 0.05). For retransplantation, Ao-OLT revascularizations were superior to those based on the hepatic artery (1-year patency rate 100% [n = 11] vs 79.9% +/- 8.1% [n = 27]; p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Indications for Ao-OLT include poor hepatic arterial inflow, small or anomalous recipient hepatic arteries, friable or attenuated native hepatic arteries as may be present during retransplantation, and recipient age less than 1 year, especially those less than 15 kg or in whom the recipient artery is less than 3 mm in diameter. In these more precarious situations, Ao-OLT achieves patency rates similar to those of primary, uncomplicated OLT, is superior for retransplantation, and has technical advantages in the small pediatric liver recipient.

PMID:
8441962
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center