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J Infect Dis. 1993 Mar;167(3):577-83.

Fecal antibody responses to symptomatic and asymptomatic rotavirus infections.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.

Abstract

The role of anti-rotavirus fecal IgA (RVflgA) in protecting children against natural rotavirus infections is unclear. Rotavirus outbreaks occurred in each of four day care centers attended by 129 children; 42% of the infections were asymptomatic. RVflgA titers were measured by EIA before infection and 4 weeks later in 50 children who excreted rotavirus (excretors) and in two samples 4 weeks apart from 50 children without detected virus excretion (nonexcretors). Forty-three (86%) excretors and 18 (36%) nonexcretors had a fourfold or greater RVflgA titer rise. Preexposure RVflgA titers were higher in not infected than symptomatic (P = .002), asymptomatic than symptomatic (P = .036), and not infected than asymptomatic children (P = .07). RVflgA titers after asymptomatic infections were slightly than after symptomatic infections (P = .087). In summary, higher RVflgA titers were associated with protection against infection and illness and increased fourfold or more in both asymptomatic and symptomatic children.

PMID:
8440929
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/167.3.577
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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