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Neuron. 1993 Feb;10(2):267-78.

Developmental switch in the expression of NMDA receptors occurs in vivo and in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104-6084.

Abstract

The properties of many ligand-gated ion channels are altered during development. We have characterized a developmental switch in the sensitivity of NMDA receptors to the novel antagonist ifenprodil using ligand binding assays with rat brain membranes and voltage-clamp recording of Xenopus oocytes expressing NMDA receptors after injection of RNA from rat brain and from cloned subunits of the receptor. In neonatal rat brain, NMDA receptors have a uniformly high affinity for ifenprodil. During postnatal development, a second population of receptors having a 100-fold lower affinity for ifenprodil is expressed and represents 50% of NMDA receptors in adult rat brain. This developmental change also occurred in cortical neurons maintained in primary culture. Ifenprodil potently inhibited responses of homomeric NR1 and heteromeric NR1/NR2B receptors but not NR1/NR2A receptors expressed in oocytes, suggesting that inclusion of different NR2 subunits in native NMDA receptors can control the sensitivity to ifenprodil.

PMID:
8439412
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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