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Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Mar;57(3):353-64.

Evidence of energy sparing in Gambian women during pregnancy: a longitudinal study using whole-body calorimetry.

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1
Medical Research Council Dunn Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

Components of daily energy expenditure were measured serially by whole-body calorimetry in Gambian women before pregnancy and at 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 wk gestation. Weight gain was (mean +/- SD) 6.8 +/- 2.8 kg, fat deposition was 2.0 +/- 2.5 kg and lean tissue deposition was 5.0 +/- 2.5 kg. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) was depressed during the first 18 wk of gestation, causing total cumulative maintenance costs by week 36 to be 8.4 MJ. Individual responses to pregnancy correlated with changes in body mass (36 wk: delta BMR vs delta weight; r = 0.60, P < 0.01 delta BMR vs delta LBM; r = 0.62, P < 0.01). There was no significant increase in the cost of treadmill exercise (0% slope: F = 0.71, P = 0.64; 5% slope: F = 1.97, P = 0.10), 24-h energy expenditure (F = 0.72, P = 0.64), activity or diet-induced thermogenesis (F = 1.02, P = 0.43), during pregnancy in spite of body weight gain. Total metabolic costs over 36 wk were 144 MJ (fetus 43 MJ, fat deposition 92 MJ, cumulative maintenance costs 8.4 MJ). These were far lower than reported for well-nourished Western populations.

PMID:
8438769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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