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Trends Biochem Sci. 1993 Jan;18(1):13-20.

A major superfamily of transmembrane facilitators that catalyse uniport, symport and antiport.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0116.

Abstract

Many transport proteins of bacteria and eukaryotes are thought to possess a common structural motif of 12 transmembrane-spanning alpha-helical segments. In this report we use statistical methods to establish that five families or clusters of these facilitators comprise a single superfamily. The five clusters include: (1) drug-resistance proteins, (2) sugar facilitators, (3) facilitators for Krebs cycle intermediates, (4) phosphate ester-phosphate antiporters and (5) a distinct group of oligosaccharide-H+ symporters. Over 50 transporters of bacteria, lower eukaryotes, plants and animals, and one putative bacterial transcriptional regulatory protein are members of this superfamily, which we term the 'major facilitator superfamily' (MFS).

PMID:
8438231
DOI:
10.1016/0968-0004(93)90081-w
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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