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Neurosurgery. 1993 Feb;32(2):260-8; discussion 268.

Silicone rubber microangiography of acute spinal cord injury in the rat.

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Canadian Paraplegic Association Spinal Cord Injury Research Laboratory, Toronto Hospital, Ontario.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute changes in the large vessels and microvasculature of the spinal cord after acute clip compression injury in the rat. Nineteen female Wistar rats underwent acute compression of the spinal cord at C8-T1 at 53 g for 1 min. Silicone rubber was injected into the ascending aorta at 15 minutes, 1, 4, or 24 hours after injury. An additional nine rats served as normal controls. The perfused spinal cords were cleared by the alcohol-methylsalicylate technique. The results showed that, in the normal rat, the centrifugal arterial system from the sulcal arteries provided the major blood supply to the gray matter and the lateral and ventral white matter extending all the way to the pial surface. In the normal rat, there were large veins in the posterior columns coursing longitudinally in the parasagittal plane at the base of the posterior columns. The injured spinal cords displayed marked ischemia and hemorrhage at the injury site. The hemorrhage predominated in the gray matter and posterior white columns and extended rostrally and caudally for 2 to 7 mm in each direction from the injury site. Remote hemorrhages originated from damage to the large parasagittal veins in the posterior columns. Extravasations of silicone rubber were frequently seen at the earlier posttraumatic times and often originated from the sulcal arteries or their branches at the injury site. Occluded sulcal arteries were identified at the injury site at 4 and 24 hours.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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