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Diabet Med. 1993 Jan-Feb;10(1):27-32.

Insulin therapy in type 2 diabetic subjects suppresses plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) activity and proinsulin-like molecules independently of glycaemic control.

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Department of Medicine, University College and Middlesex School of Medicine, Whittington Hospital, London, UK.


Eleven Type 2 diabetic subjects (10 male 1 female: age 56.2 +/- 9.7 (SD) yr) were treated in random order either with insulin or with sulphonylureas for 8 weeks each, without attempting to alter glycaemic control between the two treatment periods. Insulin treatment was associated with suppression of endogenous insulin secretion (fasting C-peptide levels -35.0 +/- 24.2%; p = 0.006), and of intact proinsulin (-43.1 +/- 36.8%; p = 0.03) and 32,33 split proinsulin -20.1 +/- 27.0%; p = 0.03). Activity of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), a fast acting inhibitor of fibrinolysis, decreased significantly (-14.3% +/- 27.5%; p = 0.02) but no changes occurred in concentration of lipoproteins or apoproteins between therapies. Changes in concentrations of 32,33 split and intact proinsulin were closely and significantly related (rs = 0.83; p < 0.001) to each other but not with changes in concentrations of C-peptide (intact proinsulin rs = -0.41; p = 0.11) and 32,33 split proinsulin rs = -0.27; (p = 0.21). Percentage changes in intact proinsulin concentrations were positively correlated with those in PAI-1 (rs = 0.51; p = 0.05). There was, however a paradoxical negative relationship between changes in C-peptide concentrations and those of PAI-1 (rs = -0.73; p = 0.006). These preliminary observations suggest that insulin treatment in Type 2 diabetic subjects without any changes in glycaemic control is associated with a reduced activity of PAI-1, but is without effect on any other cardiovascular risk factors. Concentrations of insulin precursor molecules may play a role in determining fibrinolytic activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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