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Br J Haematol. 1993 Jan;83(1):158-65.

Clinical, haematological and cytogenetic features in 24 patients with structural rearrangements of the Q arm of chromosome 3.

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Division of Hematology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver General Hospital, Canada.


To determine the frequency and clinical significance of acquired abnormalities of chromosome 3 at q21 and q25-26 in haematological malignancy, we reviewed the haematological and cytogenetic features of 24 patients with a 3q rearrangement identified amongst 1200 cases with clonal cytogenetic abnormalities detected at our institutions during a 12-year period. Thirteen patients presented with de novo acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), 10 with myelodysplasia (MDS) and one in blast phase of chronic myelogenous leukaemia. Twenty patients (83%) had megakaryocytic dysplasia and 14 (58%) had normal or increased numbers of megakaryocytes, but only four patients (16%) had absolute thrombocytosis > 500 x 10(9)/l (three with AML, one with MDS transforming to AML). A review of 205 cases of AML investigated in our institutions between 1985 and 1990 for whom cytogenetic results were obtained revealed that a platelet count > 500 x 10(9)/l at presentation was highly suggestive of an underlying 3q abnormality. A limited review of the literature on this subject confirmed that 15-20% of patients with a 3q abnormality will have thrombocytosis. The response of these patients to conventional antileukaemic therapy is uniformly poor, despite haematological and clinical differences between the subtypes of 3q rearrangements.

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