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J Med Entomol. 1993 Jan;30(1):144-50.

Reduced abundance of immature Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae) following incremental removal of deer.

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Trustees of Reservations, Beverly, MA 01915.


The abundance of immature Ixodes dammini Spielman, Clifford, Piesman & Corwin was monitored for 9 yr (1983-1991) before and during the controlled, limited hunting of white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmerman), at a coastal Massachusetts site. Deer abundance was reduced from an estimated 350 during 1985 to approximately 60 during 1991. Although annual fluctuations were large, mean larval I. dammini abundance declined from 20.8 per white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque), during 1983-1986 before deer reduction to 10.3 per mouse following deer reduction (1987-1991). Similarly, mean nymphal I. dammini abundance declined from 2.7 per mouse before intervention to 1.6 per mouse after intervention. Immature I. dammini population fluctuations were not associated with those of P. leucopus. The total population of larvae infesting P. leucopus declined from 3,596 ticks before intervention to 1,535 ticks after intervention. Concurrently, the total nymphal population declined from 417 ticks before intervention to 187 ticks after intervention. The number of feeding adult female I. dammini on deer increased as deer density decreased.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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