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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Feb;76(2):279-82.

Relationship of insulin secretory pulses to sex hormone-binding globulin in normal men.

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Department of Medicine, University of Louisville, Kentucky.


Insulin has emerged as a regulator of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) production in vitro and in vivo. A role for insulin in regulating SHBG exists in insulin resistant states such as obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome. The relationship of in vivo insulin secretion rates to SHBG levels in healthy normal men is less well documented. Hepatic synthesis of SHBG may be influenced by quantitative insulin exposure as well as qualitative characteristics such as frequency and amplitude of insulin secretory pulses. The present study was undertaken to assess these relationships in 10 normal men. Adiposity was determined by the body mass index and fat distribution by the waist hip ratio. Peripheral insulin sensitivity was determined by the euglycemic clamp technique at an insulin infusion rate of 287 pmol/min.m2. SHBG levels were determined in the fasting state by RIA. Arterialized venous samples for C-peptide were obtained every 2 min for 90 min in the basal state. Individual C-peptide kinetics were derived after a bolus injection of biosynthetic human C-peptide and a previously validated two compartmental model. Insulin secretion rates at each time point were calculated using the plasma C-peptide values and the C-peptide kinetics. Insulin secretion rates were unrelated to SHBG concentrations (r = -0.29, P > 0.05). The insulin secretory pulse interval had a significant positive association with SHBG levels (r = 0.86, P < 0.05). Insulin secretory pulse amplitude, body mass index, waist hip ratio, and peripheral insulin sensitivity were not associated with SHBG concentrations in a regression analysis. We postulate that insulin secretory pulse frequency may be an important determinant of SHBG synthesis in normal man.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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