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Ann Pharmacother. 1993 Jan;27(1):68-73.

Assessing the quality of pharmaceutical care. I. One perspective of quality.

Author information

1
Rackham School of Graduate Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-1065.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the concept of pharmaceutical care (PC) as a standard of quality care for ambulatory pharmacy practice.

DATA SOURCES:

Donabedian's article on the seven pillars or characteristics of quality provides a framework for a discussion of the merits of PC as a definition of quality. A MEDLINE search augmented by a manual review of International Pharmacy Abstracts was also used to identify pertinent English-language pharmacy literature; indexing terms included quality, community pharmacy services, ambulatory, pharmacy services, and pharmacist(s).

STUDY SELECTION:

Representative articles and studies promoting PC were considered.

DATA EXTRACTION:

The literature was independently reviewed by the primary author.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

An interpretation of the principles of Donabedian's article was applied to PC. PC appears to be consistent with the quality characteristics of efficacy and acceptability. The effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and efficiency of PC should be firmly established by its practitioners as barriers are eliminated and/or overcome. The pillars of optimality, equity, and legitimacy seem to be overlooked under the current definition of PC. This article contends that PC assumes an individualist definition of quality, by definition, because of its covenantal relationship with the patient.

CONCLUSIONS:

Quality is defined in terms of the values of individuals and society. For now, PC appears to be the appropriate standard for defining quality in pharmacy because of the importance of individual maximal benefits within our society.

PMID:
8431625
DOI:
10.1177/106002809302700116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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