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Cancer Causes Control. 1993 Jan;4(1):39-44.

A hospital-based case-control study of breast-cancer risk factors by estrogen and progesterone receptor status.

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Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.


It has been proposed that breast cancers may differ in their pathogenesis and etiology according to their estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status. This hospital-based case-control study in Japan assessed the relationship between known and suspected breast-cancer risk factors and ER and PR status. Information on risk factors was collected from histologically confirmed breast-cancer cases (n = 519) and from cancer-free controls (n = 9,506). Of 160 cases with known ER status, 58 percent were ER-positive; 38 percent of 157 cases with known PR status were PR-positive. No statistically significant differences were found between ER-positive cf ER-negative cases. However, statistically significant differences between PR-positive cf PR-negative cases were observed for number of full-term pregnancies (P = 0.01), menstrual regularity as a teenager (P = 0.024), and occupation as housewife (P = 0.036). Borderline differences were observed for age at menopause (P = 0.074), and age at menarche (P = 0.083). This study provides some evidence that etiologic distinctions may be greater between PR-positive and PR-negative breast cancers than between ER-positive and ER-negative breast cancers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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