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Acad Med. 1993 Feb;68(2 Suppl):S47-50.

Relationships of interns' performances to their self-assessments of their preparedness for internship and to their academic performances in medical school.


This study addressed the questions of whether medical students' cumulative grade-point averages (GPAs) correlate with the performance assessments (overall and in specific areas of competency) that they receive as interns from their internship program directors, and whether the students' self-assessments of preparedness for internship correlate with their internship directors' overall assessments. A questionnaire to assess interns' competencies was developed and sent to the directors of the internship programs of the 283 1990 and 1991 graduates of the Medical College of Georgia School of Medicine who consented to participate in the study (82% of the graduates). Eighty percent of the program directors responded. A similar questionnaire was sent to all 342 of the 1990 and 1991 graduates; 38% provided self-assessments of their competencies and also stated their views on how well prepared they were for their internships. Considering the classes as a group, the mean ratings of the interns' overall competencies by the program directors ranged from 3.7 to 4.3 on a five-point Likert scale (1, unsatisfactory, to 5, outstanding), whereas the interns' ratings of how well they were prepared for their internships (that is, their sense of overall competency) were somewhat lower, ranging from 3.4 to 4.0. The correlations of GPAs with the specific areas of competencies ranged from .28 to .51. The correlation between the mean ratings of the program directors and the mean self-ratings of the interns was .58. The data support the conclusions that medical school academic performance relates significantly to performance in internship and that interns do not rate themselves as highly as their program directors do.

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