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Arch Ophthalmol. 1993 Feb;111(2):250-3.

Influence of haptic materials on the adherence of staphylococci to intraocular lenses.

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Department of Ophthalmology, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, NY 10003.


A recent case-control study indicated that the insertion of an intraocular lens with polypropylene (Prolene) haptic materials was a significant risk factor for postoperative endophthalmitis (odds ratio = 4.5, P < .01). In the present study, we used quantitative techniques to evaluate adherence of Staphylococcus epidermidis to two intraocular lens types--lenses with polypropylene haptic materials and all-polymethyl methacrylate optic and three-piece all-polymethyl methacrylate lenses--using a quantitative culture method, a radioisotope technique, and scanning electron microscopy. All three methods demonstrated approximately twice as many bacteria adherent to lenses with polypropylene haptic materials as to all-polymethyl methacrylate lenses. Scanning electron microscopy showed preferential bacterial adherence to the polypropylene haptic materials. These data provide a pathogenic mechanism to explain our epidemiologic findings of an increased risk of postoperative endophthalmitis associated with implantation of intraocular lenses with polypropylene haptic materials.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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