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Am J Physiol. 1993 Jan;264(1 Pt 1):E60-7.

Carbohydrate metabolism during pregnancy in control subjects and women with gestational diabetes.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington 05405.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to characterize carbohydrate metabolism associated with the development of gestational diabetes. Six control (Ctl) and ten women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were evaluated using an intravenous glucose tolerance test and hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp with [6,6-2H2]glucose prior to conception (P) and at 12-14 (E), and 34-36 wk of gestation (L). There was an increase (P = 0.0001) in first-phase insulin response in Ctl (P 174 +/- 133, E 388 +/- 120, and L 587 +/- 303 microU/ml) and GDM (P 197 +/- 94, E 267 +/- 77, and L 376 +/- 162 microU/ml) but a significant (P = 0.02) lag in change in GDM with advancing gestation. Basal endogenous glucose production increased during gestation [Ctl: P 2.74 +/- 0.23, E 2.62 +/- 0.38, and L 3.14 +/- 0.36; GDM: P 2.68 +/- 0.51, E 2.78 +/- 0.45, and L 2.98 +/- 0.48 mg.kg fat-free mass (FFM)-1 x min-1; P = 0.02], but there was resistance to suppression by insulin infusion (P = 0.03) in late gestation (GDM: 0.61 +/- 0.44 vs. Ctl: 0.16 +/- 0.17 mg.kg FFM-1 x min-1). Insulin sensitivity decreased during gestation (Ctl: P 10.78 +/- 2.78, E 8.34 +/- 2.36, and L 4.75 +/- 1.22; GDM: P 7.49 +/- 2.13, E 7.40 +/- 1.45, and L 4.21 +/- 1.01 mg.kg FFM-1 x min-1; P = 0.0001) and was primarily decreased (P = 0.04) in GDM compared with Ctl from P through E. These findings closely resemble those of non-insulin-dependent, predominantly insulin-resistant diabetes, which is often a sequel of GDM.

PMID:
8430789
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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