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Am J Physiol. 1993 Jan;264(1 Pt 1):E29-36.

Local cerebral glucose utilization in brains of lean and genetically obese (fa/fa) rats.

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Laboratoires de Recherches Métaboliques, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.


The local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) of brains from Wistar, lean Zucker (FA/FA), and obese Zucker (fa/fa) rats was investigated using the method of Sokoloff et al. (L. Sokoloff, M. Reiwich, C. Kennedy, M.H. Des Rosiers, C.S. Patlak, K.D. Pettigrew, O. Sakurada, and M. Shinohara. J. Neurochem. 28: 897-916, 1977.). The LCGU of obese Zucker (fa/fa) rats was decreased in comparison to the relatively high values obtained for the lean Zucker (FA/FA) rats in all gray matter areas studied, on average to the extent of 50%. When compared with Wistar rats, several brain areas of lean Zucker (FA/FA) animals had a normal glucose uptake. When these normal areas were assessed for common efferent and afferent pathways, it was found that many of these common connections had normal glucose utilizations. In direct comparison to the obese fa/fa rat, the LCGU rates of these areas were decreased, hinting that this would also be the case for their functional activity. Because these areas (limbic, thalamic, hypothalamic, autonomic) have been reported to be potentially relevant for bringing about the behavioral and neuroendocrine alterations known to occur in obese fa/fa rats, it is proposed that they represent dysfunctions that are partly responsible for the obesity syndrome of the fa/fa strain.

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