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EMBO J. 1993 Jan;12(1):279-84.

Yeast Wbp1p and Swp1p form a protein complex essential for oligosaccharyl transferase activity.

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Institut für Molekularbiologie I, Universität Zürich, Switzerland.


Asparagine-linked N-glycosylation is an essential protein modification occurring in all eukaryotic cells. The central step is the co-translational transfer of the core oligosaccharide assembled on the lipid carrier dolichol phosphate to selected Asn-X-Ser/Thr residues of nascent polypeptide chains in the endoplasmic reticulum. This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme N-oligosaccharyl transferase. In yeast, Wbp1p is an essential component of this enzyme. Using a high copy number suppression approach, the SWP1 gene was isolated as an allele specific suppressor of a wbp1 mutation. Swp1p is a 30 kDa type I transmembrane protein and essential for cell viability. Similar to Wbp1p, depletion of Swp1p results in reduced N-oligosaccharyl transferase activity in vivo and in vitro. Wbp1p and Swp1p can be chemically cross-linked, suggesting that both proteins are essential constituents of the N-oligosaccharyl transferase complex.

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