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Clin Exp Immunol. 1993 Feb;91(2):202-6.

A high proportion of the V delta 1+ synovial fluid gamma delta T cells in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis patients express the very early activation marker CD69, but carry the high molecular weight isoform of the leucocyte common antigen (CD45RA).

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1
Institute of Immunology and Rheumatology, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

We have previously shown that gamma delta T cells in the synovial compartment of patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) express activation antigens (CD69 and HLA-DR) and that they are predominantly of the V delta 1 subset. In this study we have analysed the expression of activation antigens (CD69 and HLA-DR) and different isoforms of the leucocyte common antigen (CD45RO and CD45RA) on the V delta 1 and the V delta 2 subsets of gamma delta T cells in paired samples of synovial fluid and peripheral blood of nine patients with JRA, and in the peripheral blood of five children with idiopathic scoliosis. In the synovial fluid of children with JRA, there were significantly more V delta 1+CD69+ and V delta 2+CD69+ cells compared with the peripheral blood of the same patients. In contrast, however, in the synovial fluid the V delta 1 and the V delta 2 subsets differed with respect to the expression of the two isoforms of the leucocyte common antigen. The majority of the V delta 1+ cells expressed the high molecular weight isoform (CD45RA+) while most of the V delta 2+ cells carried the low molecular weight variant (CD45RO+) of this molecule.

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