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Acta Radiol. 1993 Jan;34(1):83-7.

Effect of intravenous contrast media on proximal and distal tubular hydrostatic pressure in the rat kidney.

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Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.


The effect of i.v. injection of contrast media (CM, 1,600 mg I/kg b.w.) on proximal and distal tubular hydrostatic pressure (PTHP, DTHP) in the rat was investigated using a micropuncture technique. The PTHP and DTHP after injection of diatrizoate, iohexol, ioxaglate, or mannitol returned to control values within approximately 20 min. However, following iotrolan injection PTHP was still elevated above control levels after 35 min while DTHP remained elevated throughout the experiment (50 min). Iotrolan has a lower osmotic potential than the other CM when given in equivalent iodine doses. The concentration of iotrolan may thus increase more along the tubules than the other CM and consequently lead to a higher viscosity of urine, resulting in increases in PTHP and DTHP. The high intratubular pressure induced by iotrolan may explain our previous findings of reduced single nephron glomerular filtration rate caused by this CM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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