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Am J Cardiol. 1993 Feb 1;71(4):293-6.

Usefulness of supine bicycle stress echocardiography for detection of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

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San Francisco Heart Institute, Seton Medical Center, Daly City, California 94015.


The role of supine bicycle stress echocardiography (SBSE) for detecting restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was evaluated in 80 patients: 41 (51%) with single and 39 (49%) with multivessel PTCA (total 129 dilated vessels). Total revascularization was performed in 54 (68%) and partial revascularization in 26 (32%) patients. Restenosis was angiographically demonstrated in 60 patients (75%) and in 72 vessels (56%) 6.1 +/- 2.9 months after PTCA. The results for detecting restenosis were: (1) SBSE versus exercise electrocardiographic sensitivity, 87 versus 55% (p < 0.001); (2) specificity, 95 versus 79%; and (3) accuracy, 89 versus 61% (p < 0.001). SBSE was 83% sensitive, 95% specific and 88% accurate for restenosis detection in specific vessels with comparable results for single versus multivessel PTCA and total versus partial revascularization. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were: 91, 93 and 91% for the left anterior descending coronary artery; 77, 94 and 85% for the right coronary artery; and 76, 96 and 88% for the left circumflex coronary artery. Ninety-four percent of the nondilated diseased vessels were correctly identified. It is concluded that SBSE is an excellent tool for identifying restenosis after PTCA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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