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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1993 Jan;25(1):132-8.

Effect of training on the relationship between maximal and submaximal strength.

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Center for Exercise Science, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of a dynamic seven to 10 repetition maximum (7-10 RM) test to estimate maximal knee extension strength (1-RM) in untrained and trained subjects. Thirty-three men and 25 women (25 +/- 5 yr) were randomly assigned to a group that trained two or three times.wk-1 for 18 wk (N = 47) or a control group (N = 11). Training included one set of 7-10 repetitions to volitional fatigue on a Nautilus knee extension machine. Prior to (T1) and after training (T2) dynamic strength was evaluated by 1-RM and 7-10 RM tests. The 7-10 RM test consisted of one set of variable resistance knee extension exercise performed to volitional fatigue with a weight that allowed 7-10 repetitions. The training group improved their 1-RM and 7-10 RM strength (by 31.7 and 51.4%, respectively) (P < or = 0.01) while the control group did not change. Training increased relative 7-10 RM strength (68.4% of 1-RM at T1 and 79.1% of 1-RM at T2) (P < or = 0.01). The relationship between the 7-10 RM weight and 1-RM at T1 was linear: 1-RM = 1.554 (7-10 RM weight)-5.181; R2 = 0.89; SEE = 9.3 kg. Application of this equation following training resulted in a systematic overprediction (p < or = 0.01) of 1-RM (21.2 kg) in trained subjects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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