Send to

Choose Destination
Genes Dev. 1993 Jan;7(1):139-48.

SinI modulates the activity of SinR, a developmental switch protein of Bacillus subtilis, by protein-protein interaction.

Author information

Department of Microbiology, New York University Medical Center, New York 10016.


SinR, a 111-amino-acid DNA-binding protein, is a pleiotropic regulator of several late growth processes in Bacillus subtilis. It acts as a developmental switch, positively regulating genes for competence and motility and repressing aprE and stage II sporulation genes. It is encoded by the second gene in a two gene operon, but previous results have also indicated that these two genes are differently regulated. We show in this discussion that the product of sinI, the first open reading frame (ORF) of this operon, interferes with the function of SinR. In vivo experiments have demonstrated that overexpression of sinI results in phenotypes that are observed in cells with a null mutation of sinR. A chromosomal in-frame deletion of sinI gives rise to a phenotype associated with higher levels of SinR. Thus, SinI acts as an antagonist to SinR. In vitro experiments have shown that the interaction between these two proteins is a direct one. SinI prevents SinR from binding to its target sequence on aprE, and the two proteins form a complex that can be immunoprecipitated with antibodies to either SinR or SinI.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center